||Apples are a good source of fiber as well as vitamins A and C.
||A fat soluble vitamin, which comes mainly from animal origin ingredients like fish, fish oil, liver (retinol) but also from some vegetables (i.e. carrots as carotenoids). Necessary for the eyes, mucosa and the immune system. Deficiency can cause poor condition of skin and coat, retarded growth and lack of night sight.
||Comes mainly from meat. Most important vitamin for the coat and nails. Deficiency can cause hair loss, poor coat quality and weak nails.
||The source of B vitamins in Prima Dog
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
||Comes mainly from vegetables and meat. Necessary for normal heart function and nervous system. Important for pregnant dogs and growing puppies. Deficiency can cause loss of appetite, loss of reflexes, loss of nerve control and weakness.
|Vitamin B12 (Cyanokobalamin)
||Comes from meat. Necessary for normal nervous system function and deficiency can cause nervous problems.
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
||Comes mainly from green vegetables, meat and dairy. Important for energy-yielding metabolism, skin development, nervous system, red blood cell formation and eye sight. Deficiency can cause slow wound healing, poor iron absorbtion, fatigue and nervous symptoms.
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
||Comes mainly from meat. Important for the energy-yelding metabolism and to the nervous system. Deficiency can cause loss of appetite and weight, inflamed gums and haemorrhagic diarrhoea
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
||Comes mainly from meat. Important for the energy-yelding metabolism. Deficiency can cause hair loss, diarrhea and premature greying.
|Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxin)
||Comes mainly from meat. Participates in energy-yielding and protein metabolism, red blood cell formation, immune system function and hormonal activity regulation. Addition in Vitamin B6 is needed, if the protein content of the diet is high. Deficiency can cause nervousness, anemia, poor skin and weakness.
||Good sources of calcium for dogs are i.e. raw bones, dairy, nuts and spinach. Calcium is essential for i.e. bones and teeth, blood clotting and heart function. Deficiency can cause hypocalcemia, muscle dysfunction, weak bones and teeth.
||Cloudberry is rich in Vitamin A, E and C, and folic acid. Cloudberries contain antioxidantic polyphenols. It also contains a lot of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and more fibers than other wild berries. It can prevent the harmful bacteria to grow in the colon.
||Comes mainly from liver, fish, whole grains, and legumes. Copper has an effect on hair pigmentation, formation of collagen, bone and connective tissue and in the absorption of iron. Deficiency can cause anemia and there may be abnormalities in bone development.
||Comes mainly from vegetables. It is a strong antioxidant, necessary for iron absorbtion, essential for the nervous system and important in collagen formation for healthy joint cartilages and skin. In normal situation, the dog’s body can produce Vitamin C by itself. Deficiency can cause slowed healing, poor general condition, anemia and fatigue.
||Dill boosts digestive health, and provides relief from diarrhea and can ease respiratory disorders. It is also good for oral care and can boost the immune system. It is also an anti-inflammatory substance. Dill has a significant amount of vitamin A and vitamin C, as well as trace amounts of folate, iron, and manganese.
||A fat soluble vitamin, which comes mainly from sunshine and fish oil. Necessary for bones and teeth (calcium absorbtion), immune system and muscles. Deficiency can cause rickets and poor eruption of permanent teeth, bone weakness and muscle dysfunction.
||A fat soluble vitamin, which comes mainly from Cold pressed vegetable oils, meats, nuts and green leafy vegetables. Vitamin E is a strong antioxidant, protecting the body lipids from oxidative stress. It is essential for the muscles, especially for hard training dogs. Deficiency can cause Reproductive failure, brown bowel syndrome poor skin condition and muscle weakness.
||Comes mainly from green vegetables. Important for the cell division (prengancy) and red blood cell formation. Deficiency can cause anemia and misscariages. Dogs with renal disease are most common to have folate deficiency.
||Fructo-oligosaccarides are carbohydrates, which do not melt in the stomach, but pass into the large intestine and are fermented there. They are classified as prebiotic fibres, which act as feed to the probiotic bacteria in the colon. Together with the probiotics, the FOS’s maintain intestinal health, prevent diahrrea and constipation and they promote the absorption and biological exploitation of many nutrients.
||Comes mainly from fish and dairy. Important for the production of thyroid hormones and normal thyroid function.
||Comes mainly from meat, fish, vegetables and lentils. Iron contributes to red blood cell and haemoglobin formation in the body. It has a an important role in oxygen transportation. Deficiency causes anemina, fatigue and poor general condition. Hard excersice and parasites increase the need for iron.
||Lingonberries contains plentiful organic acids, vitamins, and the minerals. In addition to these nutrients, they also contain phytochemicals (antocyanins) that can prevent urinary-tract infections.
||Comes mainly from vegetables, lentils and liver. Manganese is an antioxidant, which contributes to the formation of bones and connective tissues. It also is important for the energy-yelding metabolism.
||Mannan-oligosaccharides are a glucomannoprotein complex that are enzymatically sourced from i.e. Saccharomyces cerevisiae. MOS’s inhibit several opportunistic pathogens in the colon, They can increase the amount of useful Bifidobacteria in the gut and improve immune system.
||Comes mainly from meat. Acts together with calcium, the Ca:P ratio is roughly 1,2 – 1,6:1, depending on the dog. Contributes to the maintenance of normal bones and teeth. Plays a role in energy yelding metabolism.
|Salmon oil – source for omega-3-fatty acids
||Comes mainly from oily fish, i.e. salmon. Omega-3 fatty acids EPA & DHA are important for the cardiovascular system, eyes, brains and nerves. Omega-3-fatty acids are also good for the joint cartilages.
||Sea buckthorn fruit consists vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, and healthy fatty acids including omega 3, 6, 9 and the rare omega-7. Sea buckthorn is especially beneficial for the skin and mucosa.
||Selenium is an antioxidant which comes mainly from fish, meat, dairy and seeds. It contributes to the function of the immune system, and it is important for the reproductive system. It also is important for the skin, hair and nails. Deficiency can cause problems in the fertility, and poor skin and hair condition.
|Yucca Schidigera extract
||Yucca is a medicinal plant originated from New Mexico. According to folk medicine, yucca extracts have anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory effects. The plant contains several physiologically active phytochemicals. Yucca is primarily added to pet food to help reduce the odor of their waste.
||Comes mainly from meat, liver and dairy. Is important for normal maintenance of hair, nails and skin. It also contributes to cell division, fertility and reproduction. It has various effect in the metabolism of other nutrients. Deficiency can cause slow healing of the wounds, bone malformaties, poor general condition, problems in the fertility and neurological problems.